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Illegal Wildlife Trafficking: Attacking on All Fronts


Venue: University of New South Wales, Sydney

Date:  Tuesday 13th June 2017

Shingleback skink, Currawinya National Park. Photo Araucaria Ecotours

Illegal wildlife trafficking is seriously threatening fauna species around the world.  Poaching of elephants, rhinos and tigers for their tusks, horns and other body parts has received much recent publicity, but lesser-known animals such as pangolins, various reptiles and others are also under severe threat. Australian cockatoos and other parrots, pythons, and  lizards such as frill-necks, shinglebacks and thorny devils can fetch high prices which tempt black-marketers to smuggle them overseas.

Wildlife tourism can both assist in the fight agains illegal trafficking (responsible tourists and tour operators keeping a watchful eye for suspicious activities, and spreading the word about not buying souvenirs involving parts of native animals) but also hinder it (irresponsible or less-informed tourists buying souvenirs that include illegal wildlife parts, traffickers posing as tourists to get subsequent secretive access to animals, or simply a promotion of places where particular species are easily found).

Illegal wildlife trafficking is a major conservation problem, often involving wealthy business people (not necessarily those actually doing the collecting) with ‘friends in high places,’ and thus can be very challenging crime which needs to be tackled from various angles. These include wide public education, heavy penalties for traffickers who are caught, investigation of crime rings, vigilance by rangers and others in wildlife-rich areas, increase of powers of rangers (where safe) to apprehend those they suspect of poaching, and detection by customs of wildlife or their body parts not only as they enter a country but also as they prepare to leave. Bio-analysis of body parts (especially nucleic acids and proteins) and keratinous materials (i.e. fur, feathers) for elemental profiling, can be utilised to detect where items have come from (e.g. showing that a tiger bone said to have come legitimately from a tiger that died of natural causes at a zoo in fact came from the wild in a remote forest) and further research to perfect these techniques could prove extremely valuable. Sniffer dogs that are extensively used in tracking endangered species and weeds in the wild, and also drugs and illegal plant and food carriage in airports, could very useful be employed in detecting fauna not only entering the country, but in the luggage or passenger clothing (e.g. stitched into coat linings) before traffickers board an international flight.

Elephant in Kruger National Park. Photo: Araucaria Ecotours

This one-day workshop hopes to bring together academic researchers working on detection by biochemical analysis and other means, trainers of sniffer dogs, airline staff, biosecurity officers, tourism operators and conservation managers (and anyone else with an interest, and perhaps some innovative ideas) to develop guidelines on how best to combat the illicit trade in Australia and elsewhere.


Registration will be opening in early March.

Cost of registration:

  • Full registration $95.00
  • Concession registration (student/pensioner) $55.00

Registration will include access to all presentations and discussions, and morning tea.  There are various choices for lunch nearby (at delegates’ expense)

Presentations will include:

(for further information on presenters please visit

  • Illegal Trafficking in Australia – a Zoological Industry Perspective. Al Mucci,  General Manager Life Sciences, Dreamworld Corroboree, and an invited member of the Biosecurity Queensland Ministerial Advisory Council. Al has also in the past been the President of the Zoo and Aquarium Association, Queensland Branch (ZAAQ) and involved in many initiatives for wildlife conservation.
  • Developing a low cost and accurate DNA field-test kit to identify endangered species. Natalie T Schmitt, Department of Biochemistry and Biomedical Sciences, McMaster University. Natalie is a conservation genetic scientist, science presenter and documentary film maker with a strong passion for exploring new genetic techniques to assist in the monitoring of rare and elusive species, as well as developing holistic and community-driven solutions to conservation.
  • Elemental profiling to correlate wildlife with geographical locations, Simin Maleknia, Centre for Ecosystem Science, School of Biological, Earth and Environmental Sciences, University of New South Wales. Simin is also our local organiser for this workshop.
  • Tightening up inspection processes to combat illegal trafficking in Malaysia (exact title TBA), Mano Aramugam, currently a businessman and acting president of the Chamber of Commerce in Kooralbyn, Queensland, but formerly worked in airport security in Malaysia where he assisted in improving regulations and detection of illegal trade.  He will be joining us by video rather than in person. 
  • Others TBA .

Please advise Simin Maleknia if you are interested in:

  • attending (no obligation, but we will add your name to an email list for updates)
  • sponsoring a keynote speaker
  • sponsoring the workshop generally (this will allow us to lower the costs of registrations) 
  • presenting a paper


Many thanks to our sponsors:

Please visit for further details of each of our sponsors

  • University of NSW is providing the venue and other support
  • Bio-Rad is sponsoring our morning tea
  • Dreamworld is providing travel and accommodation for presenter Al Mucci

Some background reading: